Here is an example of an ab’s test result. I make 1000 requests that with 3 concurrent requests.
C:\>ab -d -e a.csv -v 1 -n 1000 -c 3 http://www.example.com/index.aspx This is ApacheBench, Version 2.0.41-dev <$Revision: 184.108.40.206 $> apache-2.0 Copyright (c) 1996 Adam Twiss, Zeus Technology Ltd, http://www.zeustech.net/ Copyright (c) 2006 The Apache Software Foundation, http://www.apache.org/ Benchmarking www.m-taoyuan.tw (be patient) Completed 100 requests Completed 200 requests Completed 300 requests Completed 400 requests Completed 500 requests Completed 600 requests Completed 700 requests Completed 800 requests Completed 900 requests Finished 1000 requests Server Software: Microsoft-IIS/6.0 Server Hostname: www.m-taoyuan.tw Server Port: 80 Document Path: /index.aspx Document Length: 25986 bytes Concurrency Level: 3 Time taken for tests: 25.734375 seconds Complete requests: 1000 Failed requests: 0 Write errors: 0 Total transferred: 26372000 bytes HTML transferred: 25986000 bytes Requests per second: 38.86 [#/sec] (mean) Time per request: 77.203 [ms] (mean) Time per request: 25.734 [ms] (mean, across all concurrent requests) Transfer rate: 1000.72 [Kbytes/sec] received Connection Times (ms) min mean[+/-sd] median max Connect: 0 1 4.4 0 15 Processing: 62 75 9.1 78 109 Waiting: 46 64 8.0 62 109 Total: 62 76 9.3 78 109
As you can see, there are two Time per request field.
- Time per request (mean)
- Time per request (mean, across all concurrent requests)
Please check the Time taken for tests field first. The value is 25.734375 seconds which is 25734.375 ms.
If we divide 25734.375 ms by 1000, you get 25.734 [ms] which is exact the Time per request (mean, across all concurrent requests) field’s value.
For the Time per request (mean), the value is 77.203 [ms]. The value is a bit longer than Time per request (mean, across all concurrent requests). That is because the (mean) is counted by every specific request and calculate it’s mean time.
Let me give you an simple example.
Assume that we make 3 requests with 3 concurrent connections. The Time taken for tests will be 90ms and each request are 40ms, 50ms, 30ms. So what’s the value of these two Time per request?
- Time per request (mean) = ( 40 + 50 + 30 ) / 3 = 40ms
- Time per request (mean, across all concurrent requests) = 90 / 3 = 30ms
Hope you can understand. 🙂