Django REST Exceptions

The Django REST framework provides several built in exceptions, which are mostly subclasses of DRF’s APIException.

You can raise exceptions in your view like you normally would in Python:

from rest_framework.exceptions import APIException

def my_view(request):
    raise APIException("There was a problem!")

You could also create your own custom exception by inheriting from APIException and setting status_code and default_detail. Some of the built in ones are: ParseError, AuthenticationFailed, NotAuthenticated, PermissionDenied, NotFound, NotAcceptable, ValidationError, etc.

These will then get converted to a Response by the REST Framework’s exception handler. Each exception is associated with a status code that is added to the Response. By default the exception handler is set to the built in handler:

    'EXCEPTION_HANDLER': 'rest_framework.views.exception_handler'

But you can set it to your own custom exception handler if you want to convert the exceptions yourself by changing this in your file:

    'EXCEPTION_HANDLER': 'my_project.my_app.utils.custom_exception_handler'

And then create the custom handler in that location:

from rest_framework.views import exception_handler

def custom_exception_handler(exc, context):
    # Call REST framework's default exception handler first,
    # to get the standard error response.
    response = exception_handler(exc, context)

    # Now add the HTTP status code to the response.
    if response is not None:['status_code'] = response.status_code

    return response

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