Using `numpy.unique`

:

```
import numpy
a = numpy.array([0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 3, 4])
unique, counts = numpy.unique(a, return_counts=True)
>>> dict(zip(unique, counts))
{0: 7, 1: 4, 2: 1, 3: 2, 4: 1}
```

**Non-numpy method** using `collections.Counter`

;

```
import collections, numpy
a = numpy.array([0, 3, 0, 1, 0, 1, 2, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 3, 4])
counter = collections.Counter(a)
>>> counter
Counter({0: 7, 1: 4, 3: 2, 2: 1, 4: 1})
```