How do you convert a byte array to a hexadecimal string, and vice versa?

You can use Convert.ToHexString starting with .NET 5.
There’s also a method for the reverse operation: Convert.FromHexString.

For older versions of .NET you can either use:

public static string ByteArrayToString(byte[] ba)
  StringBuilder hex = new StringBuilder(ba.Length * 2);
  foreach (byte b in ba)
    hex.AppendFormat("{0:x2}", b);
  return hex.ToString();


public static string ByteArrayToString(byte[] ba)
  return BitConverter.ToString(ba).Replace("-","");

There are even more variants of doing it, for example here.

The reverse conversion would go like this:

public static byte[] StringToByteArray(String hex)
  int NumberChars = hex.Length;
  byte[] bytes = new byte[NumberChars / 2];
  for (int i = 0; i < NumberChars; i += 2)
    bytes[i / 2] = Convert.ToByte(hex.Substring(i, 2), 16);
  return bytes;

Using Substring is the best option in combination with Convert.ToByte. See this answer for more information. If you need better performance, you must avoid Convert.ToByte before you can drop SubString.

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