This snippet on the Advanced Bash Scripting Guide says:
# The == comparison operator behaves differently within a double-brackets # test than within single brackets. [[ $a == z* ]] # True if $a starts with a "z" (wildcard matching). [[ $a == "z*" ]] # True if $a is equal to z* (literal matching).
So you had it nearly correct; you needed double brackets, not single brackets.
With regards to your second question, you can write it this way:
HOST=user1 if [[ $HOST == user1 ]] || [[ $HOST == node* ]] ; then echo yes1 fi HOST=node001 if [[ $HOST == user1 ]] || [[ $HOST == node* ]] ; then echo yes2 fi
Which will echo
if syntax is hard to get used to (IMO).