Bruno is right on track. I’ve done extensive research and if you want to set variables that are available in all GUI applications, your only option is
Please note that environment.plist does not work for applications launched via Spotlight. This is documented by Steve Sexton here.
Open a terminal prompt
sudo vi /etc/launchd.conf(note: this file might not yet exist)
Put contents like the following into the file
# Set environment variables here so they are available globally to all apps # (and Terminal), including those launched via Spotlight. # # After editing this file run the following command from the terminal to update # environment variables globally without needing to reboot. # NOTE: You will still need to restart the relevant application (including # Terminal) to pick up the changes! # grep -E "^setenv" /etc/launchd.conf | xargs -t -L 1 launchctl # # See http://www.digitaledgesw.com/node/31 # and http://stackoverflow.com/questions/135688/setting-environment-variables-in-os-x/ # # Note that you must hardcode the paths below, don't use environment variables. # You also need to surround multiple values in quotes, see MAVEN_OPTS example below. # setenv JAVA_VERSION 1.6 setenv JAVA_HOME /System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Versions/1.6/Home setenv GROOVY_HOME /Applications/Dev/groovy setenv GRAILS_HOME /Applications/Dev/grails setenv NEXUS_HOME /Applications/Dev/nexus/nexus-webapp setenv JRUBY_HOME /Applications/Dev/jruby setenv ANT_HOME /Applications/Dev/apache-ant setenv ANT_OPTS -Xmx512M setenv MAVEN_OPTS "-Xmx1024M -XX:MaxPermSize=512m" setenv M2_HOME /Applications/Dev/apache-maven setenv JMETER_HOME /Applications/Dev/jakarta-jmeter
Save your changes in vi and reboot your Mac. Or use the
xargscommand which is shown in the code comment above.
Prove that your variables are working by opening a Terminal window and typing
exportand you should see your new variables. These will also be available in IntelliJ IDEA and other GUI applications you launch via Spotlight.