WebApi – Bind from both Uri and Body

Here’s an improved version of odyth’s answer that:

  1. Works for bodiless requests too, and
  2. Gets parameters from the query string in addition to from route values.

For brevity I just post the ExecuteBindingAsyncCore method and a new auxiliary method, the rest of the class is the same.

private async Task ExecuteBindingAsyncCore(ModelMetadataProvider metadataProvider, HttpActionContext actionContext,
        HttpParameterDescriptor paramFromBody, Type type, HttpRequestMessage request, IFormatterLogger formatterLogger,
        CancellationToken cancellationToken)
    var model = await ReadContentAsync(request, type, Formatters, formatterLogger, cancellationToken);

    if(model == null) model = Activator.CreateInstance(type);

    var routeDataValues = actionContext.ControllerContext.RouteData.Values;
    var routeParams = routeDataValues.Except(routeDataValues.Where(v => v.Key == "controller"));
    var queryStringParams = new Dictionary<string, object>(QueryStringValues(request));
    var allUriParams = routeParams.Union(queryStringParams).ToDictionary(pair => pair.Key, pair => pair.Value);

    foreach(var key in allUriParams.Keys) {
        var prop = type.GetProperty(key, BindingFlags.IgnoreCase | BindingFlags.Instance | BindingFlags.Public);
        if(prop == null) {
        var descriptor = TypeDescriptor.GetConverter(prop.PropertyType);
        if(descriptor.CanConvertFrom(typeof(string))) {
            prop.SetValue(model, descriptor.ConvertFromString(allUriParams[key] as string));

    // Set the merged model in the context
    SetValue(actionContext, model);

    if(BodyModelValidator != null) {
        BodyModelValidator.Validate(model, type, metadataProvider, actionContext, paramFromBody.ParameterName);

private static IDictionary<string, object> QueryStringValues(HttpRequestMessage request)
    var queryString = string.Join(string.Empty, request.RequestUri.ToString().Split('?').Skip(1));
    var queryStringValues = System.Web.HttpUtility.ParseQueryString(queryString);
    return queryStringValues.Cast<string>().ToDictionary(x => x, x => (object)queryStringValues[x]);

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