What is the purpose of the var keyword and when should I use it (or omit it)?

If you’re in the global scope then there’s not much difference. Read Kangax’s answer for explanation

If you’re in a function then var will create a local variable, “no var” will look up the scope chain until it finds the variable or hits the global scope (at which point it will create it):

// These are both globals
var foo = 1;
bar = 2;

    var foo = 1; // Local
    bar = 2;     // Global

    // Execute an anonymous function
        var wibble = 1; // Local
        foo = 2; // Inherits from scope above (creating a closure)
        moo = 3; // Global

If you’re not doing an assignment then you need to use var:

var x; // Declare x

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