Getting iOS system uptime, that doesn’t pause when asleep

I think I worked it out.

time() carries on incrementing while the device is asleep, but of course can be manipulated by the operating system or user. However, the Kernel boottime (a timestamp of when the system last booted) also changes when the system clock is changed, therefore even though both these values are not fixed, the offset between them is.

#include <sys/sysctl.h>

- (time_t)uptime
    struct timeval boottime;
    int mib[2] = {CTL_KERN, KERN_BOOTTIME};
    size_t size = sizeof(boottime);
    time_t now;
    time_t uptime = -1;


    if (sysctl(mib, 2, &boottime, &size, NULL, 0) != -1 && boottime.tv_sec != 0) {
        uptime = now - boottime.tv_sec;

    return uptime;

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