How does reCAPTCHA 3 know I’m using Selenium/chromedriver?


Websites can easily detect the network traffic and identify your program as a BOT. Google have already released 5(five) reCAPTCHA to choose from when creating a new site. While four of them are active and reCAPTCHA v1 being shutdown.

reCAPTCHA versions and types

  • reCAPTCHA v3 (verify requests with a score): reCAPTCHA v3 allows you to verify if an interaction is legitimate without any user interaction. It is a pure JavaScript API returning a score, giving you the ability to take action in the context of your site: for instance requiring additional factors of authentication, sending a post to moderation, or throttling bots that may be scraping content.
  • reCAPTCHA v2“I’m not a robot” Checkbox: The “I’m not a robot” Checkbox requires the user to click a checkbox indicating the user is not a robot. This will either pass the user immediately (with No CAPTCHA) or challenge them to validate whether or not they are human. This is the simplest option to integrate with and only requires two lines of HTML to render the checkbox.


  • reCAPTCHA v2Invisible reCAPTCHA badge: The invisible reCAPTCHA badge does not require the user to click on a checkbox, instead it is invoked directly when the user clicks on an existing button on your site or can be invoked via a JavaScript API call. The integration requires a JavaScript callback when reCAPTCHA verification is complete. By default only the most suspicious traffic will be prompted to solve a captcha. To alter this behavior edit your site security preference under advanced settings.


  • reCAPTCHA v2Android: The reCAPTCHA Android library is part of the Google Play services SafetyNet APIs. This library provides native Android APIs that you can integrate directly into an app. You should set up Google Play services in your app and connect to the GoogleApiClient before invoking the reCAPTCHA API. This will either pass the user through immediately (without a CAPTCHA prompt) or challenge them to validate whether they are human.
  • reCAPTCHA v1: reCAPTCHA v1 has been shut down since March 2018.


However there are some generic approaches to avoid getting detected while web-scraping:

  • The first and foremost attribute a website can determine your script/program is through your monitor size. So it is recommended not to use the conventional Viewport.
  • If you need to send multiple requests to a website keep on changing the User Agent on each request. Here you can find a detailed discussion on Way to change Google Chrome user agent in Selenium?
  • To simulate human like behavior you may require to slow down the script execution even beyond WebDriverWait and expected_conditions inducing time.sleep(secs). Here you can find a detailed discussion on How to sleep webdriver in python for milliseconds


Some food for thought:

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