Is it possible to transform LLVM bytecode into Java bytecode?

It does now appear possible to convert LLVM IR bytecode to Java bytecode, using the LLJVM interpreter.

There is an interesting Disqus comment (21/03/11) from Grzegorz of which explains, along with code, how he has modified LLJVM’s Java class output routine to emit non-monolithic Java classes which agree in number with the input C/C++ modules. He suggests that his technique seems to avoid the excessively long ‘compound’ Java Constructor method argument signatures usually generated by LLJVM, and he provides links to his modifications and examples.

Although LLJVM doesn’t look like it’s been in active development for a couple of years now, its still hosted on Github and some documentation can still be found at its former repository at GoogleCode:

LLJVM @ Github
LLJVM documentation @ GoogleCode

I also came across the ‘Proteuscc‘ project which also utilises LLVM to output Java Byte code (it suggests that this is specifically for C/C++, although I assume the project could be modified or fed LLVM Intermediate Representation (IR)). From

The general process of producing a Java executable with Proteus then
can be summarised as below.

  1. Generate human readable representation of the LLVM intermediate
    representation (ll file)
  2. Pass this ll file as an argument to the
    proteus compilation system
  3. The above will produce a Java jar file
    which can be executed or used as a library

I’ve extended a bash script to compile the latest versions of LLVM and Clang on Ubuntu, it can found be as a Github Gist,here.

[UPDATE 31/03/14] – LLJVM has seemed to have been dead for somewhile, however Howard Chu ( looks to have made LLJVM compatible with the latest version of LLVM (3.3). See Howard’s LLJVM-LLVM3.3 branch at Github, here

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