setTimeout not working inside forEach

What Jason said is totally correct in his answer but I thought I would give it a shot, to better clarify.

This is actually a classic closure problem. Typically it would look something like:

for(var i = 0; i < 10; i++){
    },i * 1000)

The novice would expect the console to show:

(0 seconds pass...)
(1 second passes...)

But that just isn’t the case! What you would actually see is the number 10 getting logged 10 times (1x per second)!

“Why does that happen?” Great question. Closure scope. The for loop above lacks closure scope because in javascript, only functions (lambdas) have closure scope!


However! Your attempt would have achieved the desired output if you had tried this:

    json.objects.forEach(function(obj,index,collection) {
            self.insertDesignJsonObject(obj, index);
        }, index * 5000);

Because you have access to the “closur-ed” index variable – you can rely on its state being the expected state when the function (lambda) is invoked!

Other Resources:

How do JavaScript closures work?–net-24869

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