TypeError: the JSON object must be str, not ‘bytes’


You just put it in the wrong order, innocent mistake.

(In-depth answer). As courteously pointed out by wim, in some rare cases, they could opt for UTF-16 or UTF-32. These cases will be less common as the developers, in that scenario would be consciously deciding to throw away valuable bandwidth. So, if you run into encoding issues, you can change utf-8 to 16, 32, etc.

There are a couple of solutions for this. You could use request’s built-in .json() function:


Or, you could opt for character detection via chardet. Chardet is a library developed based on a study. The library has one function: detect. Detect can detect most common encodings and then use them to encode your string with.

import chardet

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