Why is a class __dict__ a mappingproxy?

This helps the interpreter assure that the keys for class-level attributes and methods can only be strings.

Elsewhere, Python is a “consenting adults language”, meaning that dicts for objects are exposed and mutable by the user. However, in the case of class-level attributes and methods for classes, if we can guarantee that the keys are strings, we can simplify and speed-up the common case code for attribute and method lookup at the class-level. In particular, the __mro__ search logic for new-style classes is simplified and sped-up by assuming the class dict keys are strings.

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